Showing posts with label class10-science. Show all posts
Showing posts with label class10-science. Show all posts

Sunday, 7 January 2018

CLASS 10 - Biology - Heredity and Evolution – Unit Test Paper (#cbsePapers)(#eduvictors)

Heredity and Evolution
Unit Test Paper

CLASS 10 - Biology - Heredity and Evolution – Unit Test Paper (#cbsePapers)(#eduvictors)

Q1: Define the following:
a) Inheritance
b) Heredity
c) Phenotype
d) Genotype

Q2: How does the creation of variation in a species promote survival?


Q3: Give scientific reasons:

i. In sexual mode of reproduction greater diversities are generated.

ii. Phenotypic and genotypic ratios are different.

iii. A cross between a tall plant (TT) and short pea plant (tt) resulted in progeny that were all tall plants


Q4: How do genes regulate the height of a plant ?


Wednesday, 3 January 2018

CBSE Class 10 - Physics - The Human Eye and the Colourful World – Unit Test Paper (#eduvictors)(#cbsepapers)

The Human Eye and the Colourful World – Unit Test Paper

CBSE Class 10 - Physics - The Human Eye and the Colourful World – Unit Test Paper (#eduvictors)(#cbsepapers)

Q1: A person cannot see distinctly objects kept beyond 2 m. This defect can be corrected by using a lens of power which type?

Q2: Give reasons for the following:
i. Stars twinkle at night.
ii. The sun appears reddish early in morning.
iii. Planets do not twinkle.
iv. Red colour is used in danger signals.

Q3: A person walking in desert gets a illusion of seeing water. Name the phenomenon of light responsible for it.

Q4: Distinguish between Refraction and Dispersion.

Tuesday, 2 January 2018

CBSE CLASS 10 - Physics - Refraction From Lens - Worksheet (#cbseNotes)(#eduvictors)

Physics - Refraction From Lens

CBSE CLASS 10 - Physics - Refraction From Lens - Worksheet (#cbseNotes)(#eduvictors)


Q1: In refraction of light, what does Snell's Law state?

Answer: The ratio of sine of angle of incidence to the sine of angle of refraction remains constant subject to certain conditions. This is called refraction.


Q2: Which of the following property of light wave changes when it travels from one medium to another (having different optical densities)?

a. Wavelength
b. Speed of Light
c. Frequency

Friday, 22 December 2017

Class 7/8/9/10 - Science - Clean Air: From Donora to Delhi - Can we breathe safely? (#eduvictors)(#cbse-notes)

Clean Air: From Donora to Delhi -
Can we breathe safely?

Class 7/8/9/10 - Science - Clean Air: From Donora to Delhi - Can we breathe safely? (#eduvictors)(#cbse-notes)

With the industrial revolution, the human mankind experienced the air pollution for the first time and realized it as a potential threat to human life. The black smoke of locomotives, factories from the industrial towns of England blackened its cities.

In 1950s, the smoke of industrialized Pennsylvania valley in USA made the air murkier. In the small town of Donora, population 14,000, residents suffered eye, nose, and throat irritation and breathing difficulties resulting in 20 deaths.

In 2008, on the 60th anniversary of the event, the town opened the Donora Smog Museum with the
slogan "Clean Air Starts Here".

Tuesday, 19 December 2017

CBSE Class 12/Class 11/Class 9 - DISCOVERIES IN ATOMIC STRUCTURE (#eduvictors)(#cbsenotes)

DISCOVERIES IN ATOMIC STRUCTURE

CBSE Class 12/Class 11/Class 9 - DISCOVERIES IN ATOMIC STRUCTURE (#eduvictors)(#cbsenotes)

1. Dalton(1803) : Proposed Atomic Theory

2. Julius Plucker (1859) : First discoverer of cathode rays

3. Goldstein(1886) : Discovered anode rays and proton

4. Sir.J.J.Thomson(1897) : Discovered electron and determined charge/mass(e/m) ratio for electron

5. Rutherford(1891) : Discovered nucleus and proposed atomic model

Tuesday, 7 November 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Physics - Human Eye and Colourful World - What is Total Internal Reflection? (#eduvictors) (#cbseNotes)

What is Total Internal Reflection?

CBSE Class 10 - Physics - Human Eye and Colourful World - What is Total Internal Reflection? (#eduvictors) (#cbseNotes)

① When a ray of light travels from optically denser medium to optically rarer medium, it bends away from the normal at the surface separating two media.

Friday, 27 October 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Study Notes about Plant Growth Hormones (Phytohormones) (#cbseNotes)

Plant Hormones (Phytohormones)

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Study Notes about Plant Growth Hormones (Phytohormones) (#cbseNotes)


Plant hormones or phytohormones are small, simple chemical molecules, which are present in low concentration in plants and regulate growth, differentiation and development.


Two Categories of Phytohormones:

Plant growth promoters: Examples are auxins, gibberellins and cytokinins.
Plant growth inhibitors: Examples are abscisic acid, ethylene.


All about Auxins
Auxins are weakly acidic growth hormones.

Darwin (1880) was first to find about Auxins in the tip of canary grass.

These hormones are found in shoot apex, leaf Primordia and developing seeds.

Sunday, 8 October 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Chemistry - Ch5 - Periodic Classification Of Elements (Concept Points) (#cbseNotes)

PERIODIC CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS (Concept Points)

Modern Periodic Table
credits: By Mbenzdabest (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 ],
via Wikimedia Commons


1. Early chemists classified elements as metals and non-metals on the basis of a set of physical and chemical properties.

2. Dobereiner classified elements on the basis of “Law of Triads” which states that “atomic mass of the middle element of a triad is almost the arithmetic mean of the other two elements”.


3. A triad of elements is a group of three elements arranged in the order of increasing atomic masses, such that a group of such elements have similar physical and chemical properties.


4. Newland classified elements on the basis of “Law of Octaves” stated by him. According to
this law :
“When the elements are arranged in the order of increasing atomic mass, the properties of the eighth element (starting from a given element) are a repetition of the properties of the first element.”


Thursday, 5 October 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Chemistry - Chapter 4 - Carbon and its Compounds - Important Points To Memorise (#cbsenotes)

Carbon and its Compounds 
Important Points To Memorise

CBSE Class 10 - Chemistry - Chapter 4 - Carbon and its Compounds - Important Points To Memorise (#cbsenotes)


1. Carbon forms a large variety of compounds because of its tetra-valency and the property of catenation.


2. Hydrocarbons are the compounds of carbon and hydrogen.


3. Hydrocarbons are of two types – saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes) and unsaturated hydrocarbons (alkenes and alkynes)


Wednesday, 27 September 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Heredity and Evolution - Origin Of Life On Earth (Concept Points) (#cbseNotes)

Origin Of Life On Earth (Concept Points)

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Heredity and Evolution - Origin Of Life On Earth (Concept Points) (#cbseNotes)


Most scientists believed that life arose from nonliving matter, mostly from gases. It originated in primitive form in the oceans of the earth.

4 billion years ago, the primitive atmosphere was formed. It had little oxygen and was likely thick with water vapor, along with compounds released by volcanic eruptions, such as nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, methane, ammonia, and hydrogen.

Sunday, 17 September 2017

CBSE Class 10 -Chemistry - Metals and Non-Metals (Short Q and A)(#cbseNotes)

Metals and Non-Metals (Short Q and A)

CBSE Class 10 -Chemistry -  Metals and Non-Metals (Short Q and A)(#cbseNotes)

Q1: Define Element.

Answer: An element is a pure substance which is made up of same kind of atom which differs from their physical and chemical properties.


Q2: How many elements are known so far? How many of them are naturally occurring?

Answer: 118 under which 92 are naturally occurring.


Q3: Give examples of the most abundant elements.

Answer: Aluminium ( the most) and Iron


Q4: Which is the most abundant non-metal?

Answer: Oxygen (O)


Q5: Give examples of the least reactive metals.

Answer:
• Gold
• Silver
• Platinum


Saturday, 9 September 2017

Class 10 - Physics - Light and Reflection - Magnification Chart For Mirrors (#cbseNotes)

Light and Reflection -
Magnification Chart For Mirrors

Class 10 - Physics - Light and Reflection - Magnification Chart For Mirrors (#cbseNotes)


Q: What is Magnification?

Answer: The ratio of height of image to the height of an object is known as magnification of an image and is denoted as m.

           Image height         h'     -v
    m = -------------------- = ---- = ----
           Object height        h       u
 


The +ve value of magnification represents virtual image of an object.

The -ve value of magnification represents real image of an object.


Q: Using magnification formula, prove that image formed by a plane mirror is at the same distance as object but behind the mirror. It is given that in plane mirror, object height and image height are equal.


Friday, 8 September 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Light - Reflection From Mirrors (Worksheet) (#cbseNotes)

Light - Reflection From Mirrors (Worksheet)

CBSE Class 10 - Light - Reflection From Mirrors (Worksheet) (#cbseNotes)



1. We get a diminished image with a concave mirror when the object is placed ____.


2. The drivers mirror used in automobiles is ____.


3. The distance of focus F from the pole P is termed as the ..................... of the mirror.


4. Mirror formula is ____.


Tuesday, 5 September 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Life Processes (TRANSPORTATION and EXCRETION) - Assignment Sheet (#cbseNotes)

TRANSPORTATION & EXCRETION (Biology - Life Processes) - Assignment Sheet

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Life Processes (TRANSPORTATION and EXCRETION) - Assignment Sheet (#cbseNotes)

1. Name any 5 substances transported by human blood.


2. Describe briefly the composition of blood.


3. Write the functions of the following :
a) Red Blood Cells
b) White Blood Cells
c) Blood Platelets
d) Plasma
e) Lymph
f) Bicuspid and Tricuspid valves
g) Pericardial Fluid

Saturday, 2 September 2017

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Asexual reproduction vs Sexual reproduction (#cbseNotes)

Asexual reproduction vs Sexual reproduction

CBSE Class 10 - Biology - Asexual reproduction vs Sexual reproduction (#cbseNotes)



No. Asexual reproduction Sexual reproduction
1. Only One parent is involved. Both male and female parents are involved.
2. Occurs in unisexual plants. Occurs in bisexual plants.
3. Occurs in lower plants. Occurs in higher plants and animals.
4. Reproductive organs are not present Fully developed reproductive parts are present.

Friday, 1 September 2017

CBSE Class 10 - BIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT - CONTROL AND COORDINATION (#cbseNotes)

CONTROL AND COORDINATION (BIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT)

CBSE Class 10 - BIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT - CONTROL AND COORDINATION (#cbseNotes)


1. What are gustatory and olfactory receptors?

2. Draw a diagram of neuron and neuro muscular function.

3. What is synapse?

4. What is reflex arc?

5. Draw a diagram to show reflex arc

6. What does CNS comprise of? Write its function.

7. What is peripheral nervous system? Write its functions.

8. Name the three parts and regions of brain.

9. Why forebrain is main thinking part of brain?

10. How sensation of feeling full stomach is felt?