Showing posts with label class12-english. Show all posts
Showing posts with label class12-english. Show all posts

Friday, 13 January 2017

English Grammar - Commonly Used Latin Phrases You Must Know (#cbsenotes)

Commonly Used Latin Phrases 

You Must Know


English Grammar - Commonly Used Latin Phrases You Must Know (#cbsenotes)

Ad hoc:  for this

Ad referendum: For further consideration

In Absentia: While Absent

Mea Culpa: By my fault

Tempus Fugit: Time Flies

Prima Facia: On first view

Caveat Emptor: Let the buyer beware

Thursday, 29 December 2016

CBSE Class 12 - English (Core)- Sample Question Paper (2016-17) (#CBSEClass12Papers)


CBSE Class 12 - English (Core)- Sample Question Paper (2016-17) 


Check Marking Scheme of Eng Core Sample Question Paper (2016-17)



Class 12 - English (Core) - An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum - Extract Based Questions

An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum 

Class 12 - English (Core) - An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum - Extract Based Questions

Extract Based Questions
Class 12 - English (Core)

Question(CBSE 2013 comptt):

Surely, Shakespeare is wicked, the map a bad example,
With ships and sun and love tempting them to steal—
For lives that slyly turn in their cramped holes
From fog to endless night? On their slag heap, these children
Wear skins peeped through by bones and spectacles of steel
With mended glass, like bottle bits on stones.

Q1: Why is the map called a bad example?

Q2: Why is Shakespeare described is wicked?

Q3: Where do the children spend their lives?

Q4: What does the reference to 'slag heap' mean?

Q5: What do 'fog' and 'endless night' stand for?


Answers:

1: The map is a bad example because it does not depict their own world of narrow lanes and hovels.

2: Shakespeare is described as wicked because any learning about him makes no sense for the children. They are troubled by hunger, despair and failed aspiration, learning about Shakespeare would not make their lives any better.

Tuesday, 27 December 2016

CBSE Class 12 - English - Flamingo - INDIGO (#CBSEClass12English) (#CBSENotes)

INDIGO 

Flamingo
Class 12 - English 


Q & A (Commonly asked questions in CBSE Examination Papers)


Q1: How did Gandhi use satyagraha and non-violence at Champaran to achieve his goal?

Answer: The Champaran episode was a landmark in Gandhian style of fighting against the British rule. It was a long drawn but patient and peaceful agitation. The Champaran campaign was an attempt to free poor peasants of Champaran from injustice and exploitation at the hands of Britishers. Gandhi adopted a legal, moral and democratic path of negotiation. He appealed to the concerned authorities but they ignored his's plea.

Gandhiji gave moral courage to peasants and asked them need not fear. He made the peasants aware of their rights and gave them the confidence to fight their own battles. His disobedience movement along with the peasants forced landlords to agree to pay 25% amount due. Finally, his efforts paid off and emancipated the peasants from the clutches of landlords.


Q2: Why was Gandhiji impressed with Rajkumar Shukla's tenacity and determination?

Answer: Gandhiji impressed with Rajkumar Shukla's tenacity and determination because of his style of working and especially his dedication to accomplish his tasks. During the annual convention of Indian National Congress held in Lucknow, he met the poor peasants of Champaran. Rajkumar Shukla accompanied Gandhiji everywhere, even to his ashram and persuaded him to visit Champaran to resolve the peasants' grieves. This firmness and determination impressed Gandhiji and he finally agreed to visit Champaran.

Friday, 23 December 2016

Class 9/10/11/12 - English - Commonly Misspelled and Confused Words (#CBSENotes)

COMMONLYMISSPELLED & CONFUSED WORDS

Class 9/10/11/12 - English - Commonly Misspelled and Confused Words (#CBSENotes)

A
Accessory
Accessible
Accidentally
Accommodate
Accompany
Acknowledgement
Acquaintance
Across
Altogether
Amateur
Analogous
Announce
Antarctic
Arithmetic
Ascend
Ascertain
Asinine
Assassin
Assess
Assignment
Associate
Asthma
Athletic
Attendance
Auxiliary
Available
B
Bachelor
Balance
Beautiful
Beginning
Behavior
Believe
Benefit
Biscuit
Bookkeeper
Bought
Bouillon
Boundary
Buoy
Buoyant
C
Calendar
Campaign
Canoe
Cantaloupe
Cashier
Casserole
Casualty
Catastrophe
Caterpillar
Changeable
Circumference
Circumstance
Coercion
Commitment
Condescend
Convenient
Conscientious
Correspondent
Counterfeit
Criticism
Customary
D
Debt
Decreased
Decision
Dependent
Definitely
Definitive
Delegate
Delicious
Despise
Despair
Desperately
Diaphragm
Difference
Disappear
Disease
Disguise
Dissatisfied
Duplicate
Dysfunctions
E
Eager
Effervescent
Efficient
Eligible
Eliminate
Emanate
Embarrass
Eminent
Environment
Equipped
Erroneous
Exaggerate
Exceed
Excessive
Exhaust
Extraordinary
F
Fallacy
Famous
Fascinate
Fatigue
February
Foliage
Foreclose
Foreclosure
Fulfill
G
Gauge
Genealogy
Glamour

Wednesday, 7 December 2016

CBSE Class 9/10 - ENGLISH GRAMMAR - CLOZE TEST-3

CLOZE TEST-3


ENGLISH GRAMMAR



CBSE Class 9/10 - ENGLISH GRAMMAR - CLOZE TEST-3
Directions: In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

(✍Following Passage appeared in Indian Bank PO Exam 2010)

Passage


The World Diabetes Congress has determined that India has the largest number of diabetics in the world. Apart from the loss of productivity, the …(1)… burden is alarming – $ 2.8 billion annually. Sedentary jobs, …(2)… of electronic entertainment, changing diet patterns and …(3)… dependence on automobiles have driven the activity …(4)… of Indians’ lives especially in cities.

The …(5)… is, therefore, to make people physically …(6)… and requires interventions which impact a large …(7)… of the population. Admittedly physical activity is a …(8)… of choice and is strongly driven by …(9)… preferences. But policy making needs to shift to …(10)… moderate levels of physical activity in the daily lives of people. One way to accomplish this is to create walk-able communities that give residents a variety of destinations within walking distance.


1.
(A) economic
(B) finance
(C) subsidy
(D) physical
(E) health

Friday, 11 November 2016

CBSE Class 9/10/11/12 - English Vocabulary - One Word Substitution

One Word Substitution

CBSE Class 9/10/11/12 - English Vocabulary - One Word Substitution

One word, representing a phrase or sentence or clause, helps in communicating precisely. Here is a list of 20 commonly used words. You may also check this quiz on One word Substitution to learn 100+ words.


1. Able to use the left hand and right hand equally well - Ambidextrous

2. A lightly constructed open booth generally used as a newsstand- Kiosk

3. A game in which in which no one wins - Draw

4. A sweet music - Melody

5. An official call to appear in a court of law - Summon

6. Words of similar meaning - Synonyms

7. Belonging to all parts of the world - Universal

Sunday, 5 June 2016

Class (6 - 12) English Grammar - KINDS OF SENTENCES (Part 1)

KINDS OF SENTENCES (Part 1)

Class (6 - 12) English Grammar - KINDS OF SENTENCES (Part 1)

Sentences based on functions are categorised as follows:

1. Assertive Sentences
2. Interrogative Sentences
3. Imperative Sentences
4. Optative Sentences
5. Exclamatory Sentences

Assertive Sentences

These sentences merely assert an incident or a fact.
e.g.
The sun is a big star. (Affirmative)
The Taj is a beautiful monument.         (Affirmative)
He is not in Delhi. (Negative)
It does not glow at night.         (Negative)

Sentences that affirm one or the other fact are called affirmative sentences. First two sentences listed above are affirmative ones.

Sentences that negate a fact are called negative sentences. The last two sentences listed above are negative sentences.

Exercise:
Convert the following affirmative sentences into negative sentences.

1. I like him.
2. Banana is a sweet fruit.
3. They play for Delhi Soccer club.
4. We sing a song.
5. He gets up early.


Answers:
1. I do not like him.
2. Banana is not a sweet fruit.
3. They do not play for Delhi Soccer club.
4. We do not sing a song.
5. He does not get up early.


Monday, 30 May 2016

CBSE Class 9 -12: English Grammar Quiz

ENGLISH GRAMMAR QUIZ
CBSE Class 9 -12: English Grammar Quiz

[Questions from SSC Exam Paper 2014]
Q (1 - 5) In these questions some part of the sentences have errors and some are correct.Find out which part of the sentence has error and mark that part (A), (B) or (C). If a sentence is free from error, then mark (D) as your answer.


Q1: In his book (A)/ Churchill describes (B)/ that historical first meeting with Roosevelt (C)/ No error (D).

Q2: The ant who was nearby (A) / walked forward and bit the hunter (B)/ sharply in the ankle (C) / No error (D).


Q3: They can promise you (A) / an experience (B) / you won't never forget (C)/ No error (D)


Q4: The dress that the (A) / girl wore was (B)/ more attractive than the other girls (C)/ No error (D)


Q5: Fifty years has passed (A)/ since man first ventured (B)/ in outer space (C)/ No error (D).


Directions (6 - 10): Fill up the blanks with approproate word(s) in the sentences. Four options are given, choose the correct one. 


Q6: I can ______ him without qualifications.

(a) recommend
(b) commend
(c) praise
(d) suggest


Q7: She let her horse ________ in the field.

(a) loosen
(b) loose
(c) loosely
(d) lose

Wednesday, 27 January 2016

Class 12 - English - Aunt Jennifer's Tiger (Q and A)

Aunt Jennifer's Tiger


Class 12 - English - Aunt Jennifer's Tiger (Q and A)

-By Adrienne Rich



Memory Card
Introduction


  • The poem portrays an image of a wife dismayed with her married life.
  • Aunt Jennifer is an abused wife unable to escape her husband's brutality.
  • The poem focuses on Aunt Jennifer's dreams and the harsh world she calls her reality.
  • She escapes her harsh world through her stitching and needlepoint, and the tigers that she creates are everything that she is not.
  • Rich uses comparison to convey to us the difference between Aunt Jennifer and her tigers.
  • Women who are dominated by their husbands live their lives in a state of mental confinement.
  • The poet Adrienne Rich expresses the life Aunt Jennifer wishes to lead through artistic creations as she is trapped in an abusive marriage.
  • Her tapestries portray her inner feelings conveying the constant terror she's living in.
  • The only way for Aunt Jennifer to escape the expectations of her husband is to live on, after death, through her artwork.
  • Rich reveals, through the simple lines of Aunt Jennifer's Tigers,a woman's struggles with expressions, rebellion, and a society where power is defined as masculine.



Stanza 1
   
   The first stanza serves to explain what the tigers represent.

  • Rich begins her poem with a beautiful picture, setting the scene for the dream world of Aunt Jennifer.
  • We see that Aunt Jennifer has ownership over the tigers in some way.
  • They are free to "prance" and run across the screen.
  • The tigers are bright like "topaz" and they inhabit a world that is green.
  • Aunt Jennifer's tigers do not fear men.
  • They conduct themselves in a heroic, manly fashion.
  • The tigers that Aunt Jennifer owns are confident and certain of who they are and what they want.



Stanza 2
   The second stanza explains who Aunt Jennifer is.

  • Aunt Jennifer is described to be working with a piece of wool.
  • She is doing needlepoint to a panel that will be placed in a pillow, quilt, or screen of some kind for the home.
  • Her fingers are fluttering to create the beautiful image of the tigers.
  • Aunt Jennifer is expressing herself through the creation of her tigers.
  • She wants to be confident and fearless.
  • However, she finds it difficult to create those tigers and express those feelings.
  • Those feelings are repressed by the weight of marriage, gender roles, and a dominating society.
  • "Uncle's wedding band" represents a particular society in which she lives.
  • This weight is not something she enjoys as the band is described to sit "heavily" on her hand and keeps her from the only sense of expression she has, her needlepoint.

Sunday, 24 January 2016

Class 12 - English - My Mother At Sixty-Six (Q and A)

My Mother at Sixty-Six

-By Kamla Das
Questions and Answers

Class 12 - English - My Mother At Sixty-Six (Q and A)



Memory Card
  • Poetess is travelling back in a car from her parent's place to Cochin 
  • Old mother also accompanying-to see her off at the airport 
  • Poetess notices that she has dozed off and mouth remained open 
  • Her face has a dull, colourless appearance- reminds her of a corpse 
  • Thought is painful, realizes she is now an old woman and could be nearing death 
  • Turns to look at the racing green trees outside, sees happy children running out of their homes 
  • A welcome change from the gloomy thoughts that grip her 
  • Reaches the airport, after the security checking, looks at the mother again 
  • Sees her pale and ageing face, is reminded of the winter moon with all the vitality and brightness gone 
  • Feels pained at being reminded of a childhood fear- had always been scared of losing her mother one day 
  • Does not want to show her agony and fear to her mother now 
  • Tells her that she would see her soon and bids her goodbye with a fake bright smile 



Q1: What is the kind of pain and ache that the poet feels?

Answer: Kamla Das is in pain by seeing her mother pale and weak like that of a corpse. The fear of losing her mother was her familiar ache, which she was unable to accept.


Q2: Why are the young trees described as 'sprinting' ?

Answer: Poetess has used Personification in "Young Trees sprinting". It personifies the youth who is rushing and running so fast, which is a contrast to the ageing process of her old mother.


Tuesday, 15 December 2015

CBSE Class 9/10/11/12 - Cloze Test -2 (English Grammar)

Cloze Test 

Fill in the blanks from the choices given below:

CBSE Class 9/10/11/12 - Cloze Test -2 (English Grammar)

The League of Nations was (1) in 1919. It became ineffective and the UNO began to (2)  from October 24, 1945. The Second World War (3) in 1939. It caused great (4) to human lives and properly. As a (5) of use of atom bombs, many people were (6) and many became (7). The world leaders feared that another world war would (8) the entire world. It was a question of the (9) of mankind. To ensure peace and (10) the world leaders established world organisation, the UNO.



1. (A) created
   (B) formed
   (C) made
   (D) opened

2. (A) start
    (B) operate
   (C) function
   (D) commence


3. (A) broke in
   (B) broke out
   (C) broke into
   (D) broke up


4. (A) wastage
   (B) calamity
   (C) loss
   (D) disturbance

Wednesday, 30 September 2015

CBSE Class 6 - 12: English Grammar - Confusing Sentences

Confusing Sentences

CBSE Class 6 - 12: English Grammar - Confusing Sentences

1. To go to school - to get education.
    e.g. Sheila is going to school. (It means Sheila is studying there).

    To go to the school - to go for other purpose
    e.g. Sheila's father is going to the school. (It means Sheila's father is visiting school for some purpose, may be inquiring about his daughter's progress.)


2.  To go to play - to take part in games

     To go to the play - to go to a theatre.


3. A black and white dog - One dog which is partly black and partly white.

    A black and a white dog - two different dogs - one black in colour while the other is white in colour.


4. Tell me briefly - Tell me in a short time.

    Tell me shortly - Tell me in short.

Tuesday, 30 September 2014

CBSE Class 11 - 12 English Grammar - Official Sentences

Official Sentences

Following sentences or phrases are commonly used for official or administrative work.


  1. Arrangements are being made to ensure timely submission of reports.
  2. Administrative approval may be obtained.
  3. Competent authority's sanction is necessary.
  4. Concurrence of the finance branch is necessary.
  5. Exigencies of administrative work.
  6. Explanation from the defaulter may be obtained.
  7. His request be acceded to.
  8. In anticipation of your approval.
  9. Such action may be deemed necessary.
  10. Repugnant to the context.
  11. Show cause as to why such action should not be taken.
  12. The file in question is not traceable.
  13. Timely compliance may be ensured.

Wednesday, 20 August 2014

CBSE Class 8/9/10/11/12 CTET - English Grammar - Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension


Directions: Read the following short passages. After each passage, you will find several questions based on what is stated or implied in the passages. Answer the questions that follow each passage.



 Passage -1 
Vehicles do not move about the roads for mysterious reasons of their Own. They move only because people want them to move in connection with the activities which the people are engaged in. Traffic is therefore a ‘function of activities’, and because, in towns, activities mainly take place in buildings, traffic in towns is a ‘function of buildings’, The implications of this line of reasoning are inescapable.

Q1: Line 1 of the passage means that vehicles move on the roads

(a) for reasons difficult to understand.
(b) to serve specific purposes of people.
(c) in a haphazard fashion.
(d) in ways beyond our control.


Q2: The author says that traffic is a ‘function of  activities’. He means that

(a) human activities are taking place.
(b) human activities are dependent on traffic.
(c) traffic is not dependent on human activities.
(d) traffic is connected with human activities.

Q3: The author suggests by his argument that

Friday, 6 June 2014

CBSE Class 10/11/12 - English Grammar - Comprehension Passage

COMPREHENSION


(NDA 2014 General Ability Paper)
Directions: Read the following short passages. After each passage, you will find several questions based on what is stated or implied in the passages. Answer the questions that follow each passage.


PASSAGE

In a free country, the man who reaches the position of leader is usually one of outstanding character and ability. Moreover, it is usually possible to foresee that he will reach such a position, since early in life one can see his qualities of character. But this is not always true in the case of a dictator; often he reaches his position of power through chance, very often through the unhappy state of his country. It is possible that Hitler would never have become the leader of Germany if that country had not been driven to despair.



Q1:  In a free country, one who becomes a leader
(a) must be of outstanding character and ability

(b) must show qualities of character from an early age 
(c) is generally of a remarkable character and ability 
(d) must see that his country is free from despair 


Sunday, 30 March 2014

CBSE Class 10/11/12/CTET - English Grammar - Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension
Read the passage carefully and then answer the questions which are based on what is stated or implied in the passage. (taken from a graduate entrance exam)

The work which Gandhiji had taken in hand was not only the achievement of political freedom but the establishment of a social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood, and maximum freedom for all. This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of freedom. In the political struggle, the fight was against a foreign power and all could and did either join in it or at least wish it a success and give it to their moral support. In establishing the social order of his pattern, there was a lively possibility of a conflict arising between groups and classes of our own people.

Wednesday, 26 September 2012

Antonyms (Quiz)

Antonyms
A word which is opposite in meaning to the given word is called its Antonym.

Pick up the word or phrase from the choices which is close to opposite (antonym) to word asked.

1: MINOR

(a) heavy
(b) tall
(c) major
(d) big