Friday, September 6, 2013

CBSE Class 10 - Social Science - Federalism

Federalism

Q & A

Q1: Define federalism.

Answer: A system of government where power is divided between centre and states is called federalism.



Q2: Is India a federal country? Name other countries which practice federalism?

Answer: India has federal government. Other examples of federal government are USA and Switzerland.


Q3: What are the factors that led to the formation of federalism?

Answer: Factors which led to formation of federation are:
  • Idea of national unity.
  • Common economic interest.
  • Amicable solution to common problem
  •  Need to have considerable defense and international prestige.

Q4: Name the types of federalism.

Answer:
  1. Coming together federations
  2. Holding together federations


Q5: What are the core reasons for the success of federalism in India?

Answer:
  1. Respect for diversity
  2. The constitutional provisions are laid out very clearly
  3. The nature of democratic politics ensures its success

 Q6: For what reasons India adopted Federal System of Government?

Answer: The reasons due to which India adopted Federal System of Government are:
  1. India is a big country with an extensive territory and rich diversity.
  2. Many religions and languages coexist in our country.
  3. Thus it was considered that a federal system of government would be ideal to manage the affairs of our country.

Q7(CBSE): Which one of the following countries fall in the category of 'coming together federation'?
(a) India
(b) US
(c) Spain
(d) Belgium

Answer: (b) US


Q8: What is 'Coming Together Federation'?

Answer: The type of federation in which independent states come together on their own to form  a bigger unit, so that by pooling sovereignty and retaining identity they can increase their security.


Q9(CBSE): Explain any four features of federalism.

Answer:
  1. There are two or more levels of government.
  2. The jurisdiction of the respective tiers of government are specified in the constitution.
  3. Courts have the power to interpret the constitution and powers of different levels of government.
  4. Sources of revenue of each level of government are specified to ensure its financial autonomy.
  5. Under federalism, local self government is established, by which people get opportunity to
    participate in administration.

Q10: What is meant by 'Holding together Federation'?

Answer: In this type of federation a large country decides to divide its power between 'Constituent States' and 'National Government'


Q11: Give examples of countries having 'holding together federal structure'.

Answer: India, Spain, Belgium

(In progress...)

14 comments:

  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  2. In what way, can changes be made in the federal constitution

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  3. What will be the role of the Apex Court, if disputes arise between different levels of government in the
    exercise of their power?

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    Replies
    1. 2/3 majority of both houses of parliament and needs to be ratified by the legislatures of atleast half the states

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  4. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  5. these questions are too simple but very useful thx

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  6. these questions are too simple but very useful thx

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  7. Superb.really this was very helpful.

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  8. Thanks but we expect more from you

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  9. can u add more questions plsss...! my exam is after 2 days!

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  10. Nice questions..
    But very little..
    Need more questions
    Pls ADD .......

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  11. Will this all come in exam?...looks like that only.

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