Tuesday 8 November 2011

Class 8 - Science - Combustion and Flame (Q & A)


(Questions and Answers)

Q1. What is the difference between the burning of a candle and the burning of fuel like coal?

Q2. Why a matchstick does not catch fire on its own at room temperature?

Answer: A substance does not catch fire until its temperature is raised to its ignition temperature. A matchstick, a piece of wood or a can full of kerosene do not catch fire on their own because the ignition temperature of these substances is higher that the room temperature (25 °C).

(Note: When we strike the match stick against the matchbox, because of friction its temperature rises to ignition temp. and it ignites.)

Q3. Akansha made two paper cups by folding a sheet of paper. She poured 50 ml of water into one of the cups and heated both the cups separately with a candle.
  a. What happens to the empty paper cup when it is heated?
  b. What happens to the paper cup with water?
  c. Does water in this cup becomes hot?

Q4. List out the names of some inflammable substances.
Answer: Petrol, Diesel, Alcohol, Kerosene

Q5. Why carbon-di-oxide is considered the best fire extinguisher?

Answer: Fires involving electrical equipment and inflammable materials like petrol, and carbon dioxide (CO2) are considered the best extinguisher. CO2 is heavier than oxygen, it covers the fire like a blanket. This cuts off the contact between the fuel and oxygen. Hence, the fire is extinguished.
CO2 is a bad conductor of electricity, it does not harm the electrical equipment.

It can be stored at high pressure as a liquid in cylinders. When released from the cylinder, it converts to gas form and expands. Because of this, it lowers the temperature, helping in controlling fire.

Q6. In what form is LPG stored in the cylinder? Name the chemical formula of LPG.
Answer: In gas form. LPG stands for Liquified Petroleum Gas. Its chemical name is Iso-Butane.

Q7. Why is water not used to control fires involving electrical equipment?
Answer: Water is a good conductor of electricity.

Q8. Why is LPG a better domestic fuel than wood?

Q9. What is the unit in which the calorific value of a fuel is expressed?

Q10. It is difficult to burn a heap of green leaves but dry leaves catch easily. Why?

Q11. Can the process of rusting be called combustion?

Answer: No. Rusting and combustion are two separate chemical phenomena. Rusting is the process of eating away at the surface of metals by the action of various chemical compounds.

Q12. Why it is dangerous to burn coal in a closed room?
Answer: Burning of coal in a closed room (lack of oxygen) produces Carbon Mono-oxide (CO) in the absence of oxygen.
Carbon Mono Oxide is poisonous to humans and it does not have any smell. It is also called as silent killer gas. The fumes/smoke because of burning can cause lung damage or even death due to smoke inhalation.

Q13: Name types of combustion.
Answer: Rapid combustion, Spontaneous Combustion and Explosion.

Q14: Name the different techniques used in extinguishing a fire.
Answer: In general any fire extinguisher uses any or all of the following methods:
1. Removing the combustible substance.
2. Cool the burning substance to below its ignition temperature.
3. Cutting off the supply of air/oxygen.

Q15: Can we consider food as fuel?
Answer: Yes.


  1. it was nice...but all the questions arent answered...n they could have added mcqs too..otherwise it was helpful..

    1. yeah amisha ..... i agreee wth u

    2. yeah i also agree with u..........along with missing answers there are spelling errors too!!
      otherwise its helpful.

    3. hey there are mcqs but i agree with you in not answering all questions

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  3. Where is the answer for 10 one?

    1. this is because green leaves have moisture in it
      which bring down the temperature of the fuel so it needs more heat energy to reach the igniton temperature so it is difficult to burn green leaves than dry leaves

  4. Oh god these are very easy.....request litte more reasning types questions.....by the way i am sewag international school teacher..of science.....

  5. Oh god these are very easy.....request litte more reasning types questions.....by the way i am sewag international school teacher..of science.....

    1. Thanks Ms Tiwari for your valuable feedback. We'll try to add reasoning based questions in our coming posts.

  6. answer of question 11 is wrong because Fire isn't the only kind of combustion reaction. Some kinds of metal, if you leave them in contact with oxygen, will also react with the oxygen, but much more slowly, and without making a flame. We call the result rust.

    1. This comment has been removed by the author.

  7. i need answer for 1 question by 6pm as i have exam tomorrow please

  8. This comment has been removed by the author.

  9. U have not given answers for many questions


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