Friday, 1 August 2014

CBSE Class 9 : Maths - CH 4.1 - Linear equations in two variables (NCERT Ex 4.1)

Linear Equations In Two Variables

Q1: The cost of a notebook is twice the cost of a pen. Write a linear equation in two variables to represent this statement.

(Take the cost of a notebook to be Rs x and that of a pen to be Rs y.)

Answer:

Let the cost of a notebook and a pen be x and y respectively.

Cost of notebook = 2 ☓ Cost of pen

x = 2y

x − 2y = 0

Q2: Express the following linear equations in the form ax + by + c = 0 and indicate the values of a, b, c in each case:

(i) 2x + 3y = 9.35  


(ii) x - y/5 - 10 = 0
(iii) − 2x + 3 y = 6

(iv) x = 3y
(v) 2x = − 5y
(vi) 3x + 2 = 0

(vii) y − 2 = 0
(viii) 5 = 2x

Answer:

(i) 2x + 3y = 9.35
2x + 3y - 9.35 = 0

Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = 2, b = 3, c = - 9.35

(ii) x - y/5 - 10 = 0
Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = 1, b =-1/5 , c = −10

(iii) − 2x + 3 y = 6

− 2x + 3 y − 6 = 0

Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = −2, b = 3, c = −6

(iv) x = 3y

1x − 3y + 0 = 0

Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = 1, b = −3, c = 0

(v) 2x = −5y

2x + 5y + 0 = 0

Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = 2, b = 5, c = 0

(vi) 3x + 2 = 0

3x + 0.y + 2 = 0

Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = 3, b = 0, c = 2

(vii) y − 2 = 0

0.x + 1.y − 2 = 0

Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = 0, b = 1, c = −2

(viii)5 = 2x

− 2x + 0.y + 5 = 0

Comparing this equation with ax + by + c = 0,

a = −2, b = 0, c = 5

 

2 comments:

  1. very nice very helpful for understanding

    ReplyDelete
  2. it help to learn the topics easily,,,,,,,,

    ReplyDelete