Thursday, 4 July 2019

CBSE Class 11 - Physics - Gravitation - Kepler's Laws Of Planetary Motion - Numerical Problems with Solutions (#class11Physics)(#eduvictors)

 Gravitation - Kepler's Laws Of Planetary Motion

Numerical Problems with Solutions
CBSE Class 11 - Physics - Gravitation - Kepler's Laws Of Planetary Motion - Numerical Problems with Solutions (#class11Physics)(#eduvictors)


Question 1: The planet Neptune travels around the Sun with a period of 165 years. Show that radius of orbit is approximately 30 times that of the Earth's orbit, considering their orbits circular.


Answer:
Let T₁ = T(earth) = 1 year
    T₂ = T(Neptune) = 165 years



Let R₁ and R₂ be the radii of the circular orbits the Earth and the Neptune respectively.


   T₁²   R₁³
 --- = ----
  T₂²   R₂³

         R₁³ × T₂²
∴ R₂³ = ----------
            T₁²    

         R₁³ × 165²
  R₂³ = ----------   = 165²R₁³
            1²    

  R₂ ≈ 30R₁


Question 2: A planet of mass 'm' moves around the sun of mass M in an elliptical orbit. The maximum and minimum distance of the planet from the sun are r₁ and r₂ respectively. The time period of the planet is proportional to

(a) r₁³⸍²
(b) r₂³⸍²
(c) (r₁ + r₂)³⸍²
(d) (r₁ - r₂)³⸍²



Answer: (c) (r₁ + r₂)³⸍²


Question 3: If the distance between the earth and the sun were half its present value, the number of days in a year would have been 
(a) 64.5 
(b) 129 
(c) 182.5 
(d) 730


Answer: (b) 129 


Question 4: The time period of the satellite of the earth is 5 hr. If the separation between earth and satellite is increased to 4 times the previous value, then what will be the new time period of satellite. 


Answer
  T₁²   R₁³
 --- = ----
  T₂²   R₂³

∴ T₂² = 64 × 25
∴ T₂  = 40 Hours 



☛See also:
Laws Of Motion (Revision Test)

Gravitation - Understanding Mass and Weight
Gravitation - Kepler's Laws

Centre Of Mass and Rotational Motion (Assignment)



No comments:

Post a Comment

We love to hear your thoughts about this post!