## Motions Of The Earth

 Four Seasons as seen from Northern Hemisphere

### NCERT Chapter Q & A and Other Short Questions and Answers

Q1: What is the angle of inclination of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane?

Answer: The angle of inclination of the earth's axis with its orbital plane is 66½°

Q2: Define rotation and revolution.

Answer: Rotation: It is the movement of the earth on its axis.
Revolution: It is the movement of the earth around the sun in its orbit.

Q3: Name the two movements of the earth.

Q4: The Earth moves like a spinning top. What is this movement called? What does it result in?

Answer: It is called rotation. It results in the formation of day and night.

Q5: In which direction the earth rotates? How much time does it take complete one rotation?

Answer: West to East. It takes 24 hours to complete one rotation.

Q6: What would happen if the earth did not rotate?

Answer: The portion of the earth facing the sun would always experience day. It would continuously warm that region. The other half would remain in darkness and would freeze in cold. Lives of animals and plants would not sustain in such harsh conditions.

Q7: What is a leap year?

Answer: The earth takes 365 Days and 6 hours to complete its revolution. For the sake of convenience, a calendar year is considered to be equal to 365 days. Every fourth year (i.e. 6 Hours x 4 = 24 Hours) and an extra day is added. Such a year of 366 days is called Leap Year.

Q8: In which direction does the earth revolve? (clockwise or anti-clockwise)

Q9: What is a circle of illumination? Does it match the earth's pole to pole axis?

Answer: The circle that divides the day from night on the globe is called the circle of illumination. No, it does not match with the earth's pole to pole axis.

Q10: Differentiate between the Summer and Winter Solstice.

Summer SolsticeWinter Solstice
1. The North Pole is tilted towards the Sun. The North Pole is way from the Sun.
2. The Sunrays fall directly on the Tropic of Cancer.The Sunrays fall directly on the Tropic of Capricorn.
3. Northern Hemisphere has longer days and shorter nights.Southern Hemisphere has longer days and shorter nights.
4.The North Pole remains in daylight whole day (June 21).The South Pole remains in daylight whole day (December 22).

Q11: What is the shape of the orbit in which the earth revolves around the Sun?

Q12: What is an equinox?

Answer: When days and nights are equal on the earth it is known as the equinox. March 20 and September 23 are two equinox days in a year. At Equinox day, rays of the Sun are perpendicular to the equator, as a result, both hemispheres receive equal sunlight.

Q13: Name the four major seasons. What causes the change of seasons?

Answer: Summer, winter, spring and autumn are the four major seasons. Seasons change due to the change in the position of the earth around the sun.

Q14: In which month the earth is nearest to the Sun?

Q15: In which month the earth is farthest to the Sun?

Q16: Can we say in July the earth is nearest to the Sun, that's why we experience summer in India?

Answer: No. Seasons are formed due to the tilted axis of the earth. In July the Northern Hemisphere receives maximum sunlight and experiences summer. At the same time, the southern hemisphere receives is tilted away from the sun and receives less sunlight. It experiences winter at that time.

Q17: Why does the Southern Hemisphere experience Winter and Summer Solstice at different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere?

Answer: When the North Pole is tilted towards the Sun, the Sun rays fall vertically overhead at Tropic of Cancer. Northern hemisphere receives more sun light and heat. Thus it experiences summer. At the same time, the South Pole is away from the sun and the Southern hemisphere receives very less sun light. Here days are shorter and nights are longer. Thus the Southern Hemisphere experiences winter at that time.

Similarly, when the North Pole is away from the Sun, at that time the South Pole is inclined towards the Sun. Thus at that time, the Northern hemisphere experiences winter while the Southern hemisphere sees summer.

Q18: Why do the poles experience about six months day and six months night?

Answer: Due to the Earth's tilted axis, each pole receives continuous sun light for six months and thus experience six months day and night. For six months (June onwards), the North pole is inclined towards the sun and receives sun light through the day. It experiences six months day. At the same time, the south pole is way from the sun and receives very less or no sunlight. Thus the south pole sees six months night. After six months (December onwards), the positions are reversed.

(a) The movement of the earth around the sun is known as
(i) Rotation
(ii) Revolution
(iii) Inclination

(b) Direct rays of the sun fall on the equator on
(i) 21 March
(ii) 21 June
(iii) 22 December

(c) Christmas is celebrated in summer in
(i) Japan
(ii) India
(iii) Australia

(d) The cycle of the seasons is caused due to
(i) Rotation
(ii) Revolution
(iii) Gravitation

Q20: Fill in the blanks.

(a) A leap year has _______________ number of days.
(b) The daily motion of the earth is _______________.
(c) The earth travels around the sun in ______________ orbit.
(d) The sun’s rays fall vertically on the Tropic of ___________ on 21st June.
(e) Days are shorter during ___________ season.

(a) 366
(b) rotational.
(c) elliptical
(d) Cancer
(e) Winter

Geography - CH1- The Earth in the Solar System (Q & A)
Geography - CH1 - The Earth in the Solar System (Assignment Sheet)
Geography - CH2 - Globe - Longitudes and Latitudes
Geography - Ch2 - Globe - Longitudes and Latitudes (Questions and Answers)
Geography CH3 - Motions of The Earth (Q & A)
Geography CH7 - Our Country India (Q & A)
Geography - Know About India (Q & A)
Geography - Our Country India (Worksheet)
Geography - Indian States Touching International Borders
Geography CH8 - India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife (Q & A)

Social Studies Quiz
Social Studies Quiz (2016)

1. This comment has been removed by the author.

2. In the 12th question the earth has eqinox on 21st March not 20th March