Friday 20 April 2018

CBSE Class 9 - History - French Revolution - Legacy and Results of French Revolution (Q and A) (#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)

Legacy and Results of French Revolution

CBSE Class 9 - History - French Revolution -  Legacy and Results of French Revolution (Q and A) (#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)

Q1: What were the legacy and results of the French revolution?

The French Revolution is one of the most important events in the history of the world. It marked the beginning of new era for people of France and those of the world.

The new ideas of Liberty equality and fraternity.
The revolution asserted the equality of man. It brought about the downfall of the autocratic regime in France. Other European kings had now realised that the time was approaching when the subjects also would assert their democratic rights.
Liberty equality and fraternity these words came as the source of light and want to a dead world.

A death blow to feudalism
The revolution brought an end to the feudal system in France. Old social based on the privileges of the novels and the clergyman cease to exist. It gave freedom to the bulk of the population - the peasants, the serfs and the agricultural labourers

Aroused the nationalist ideas:
Napoleon started on the career of conquest. He brought under his domination other countries of the world. This allows the national spirit among the people of Europe. It was the growth of nationalism which enabled them to defeat Napoleonic armies and inflict upon Napoleon of crushing defeat.

Freedom movement in India and other Afro Asian countries do inspiration from the French Revolution.

The idea of equality paved the way for socialism
Confiscation of the property by the state weekend the idea of the sanctity of property. The socialist movement voted the interest of the walking classes.

Q2: What was the system of voting in the Estates General? What changes did the Third Estate want in this system?

Answer: Voting in the Estates General had been conducted from the past.
1. According to the principle, each estate had one vote.

2. Members of the Third Estate demanded that voting must now be conducted by the assembly as a whole, where each member would have one vote.

3. This was according to the democratic principles put forward by philosophers like Rousseau in his book, ‘The Social Contract’.

Q3: Describe the incidents that led to the storming of the Bastille.

1- National Assembly was busy at Versailles drafting a constitution; the rest of France was seething with turmoil.

2- A severe winter had meant a bad harvest, the price of bread rose. Often bakers exploited the situation and hoarded supplies.

3- After spending hours in long queues at the bakery, crowds of angry women stormed into the shops.

4- At the same time, the king ordered troops to move into Paris. On 14 July, the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed Bastille.

Q4: What were ‘natural and inalienable rights’?

1- The constitution began with a Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens.

2- Rights such as the right to life, freedom of speech, freedom of opinion, equality before the law were established as ‘natural and inalienable rights’, i.e., they belonged to each human being by birth and could not be taken away.

3- It was the duty of the state to protect each citizen’s natural right.

Q5: Who formed the National Assembly? On which date is ‘Bastille Day’ celebrated and why?

1- The representatives of the Third Estate assembled at Versailles on 20th June and declared themselves a National Assembly.

2- The Bastille Day is celebrated on 14th July every year because on this day the unruly Paris mob stormed and attacked the prison of Bastille which was considered a symbol of terror and despotism.

Q6: Describe the ‘Reign of Terror’ and the role played by Robespierre in it.

Answer: The period from 1793 to 1794 is referred to as the ‘Reign of Terror’.

1. Maximilian Robespierre, leader of the Jacobins, followed the policy of severe control and punishment.

2. All those who saw as enemies of the Republic — ex-nobles, clergy, political opponents — were arrested, tried and guillotined if found guilty.

3. He issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices.

4. Meat and bread were rationed.

5. Use of expensive white flour was forbidden.

Robespierre followed his policies so relentlessly that even his supporters began to demand moderation. Finally, he was convicted, arrested and guillotined in July 1794.

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