Friday, 4 January 2019

CBSE Class 11/12 - English Writing: Article vs Speech vs Debate - Guidelines (#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)

English Writing: Article vs Speech vs Debate

Tips of Writing

CBSE Class 11/12 - English Writing: Article vs Speech vs Debate - Guidelines (#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)

An article is a written work published in a print/digital medium for the motive of propagating the news, analysis of result or for educational motive. Such a composition shall be associated with one subject matter concern or theme.

While writing an article students are advised to keep the following points in mind:

  1. First of all deal with the given subject matter and additionally examine intensively the given verbal input. Some new ideas will also strike your thoughts. Arrange all those thoughts inside the sequence you need to broaden them for your piece of composition.
  2. Now start writing your piece of composition. Develop your thoughts one at a time into a well knit sequence.
  3. Your composition have to be unique, to the point and lucid. Every sentence and concept should be linked with the previous one and result in the subsequent.
  4. Your write up should be meaningful and compact. There need to be no free quit. Don’t exceed the word limit.
  5. The first sentence need to be striking and impressive. It must be the essence of the whole composition. Likewise, the ultimate sentence have to state your conclusion on the topic in hand. It must go away a permanent impact at the thoughts of the reader.
  6. Write your composition in simple phrases. There should be no grammatical, spelling or structural mistake. Rules of syntax and punctuation marks must not be violated.
  7. Your paragraph must observe a simple order and move regularly toward its preferred purpose. Arrange your ideas into a hard and fast pattern a good way to give a concrete form on your paragraph.
  8. In a descriptive or argumentative piece of composition, the style is generally formal. Always write whole sentence, leaving not anything to the guess work. Your language have to be striking and comprehensible, phrases selective and your approach objective. It is consequently necessary to give emphasis to the primary and imperative points of the subject. The starting in addition to the end have to be appealing and concrete.
  9. Colloquial and too formal expressions and slangs have to be avoided in these paragraphs.


It is a formal address delivered to an audience. Before writing a speech following points should be kept in mind:
  1. Give a suitable title to the  speech in the beginning.
  2. Begin with a welcome message e.g. ‘Good morning to all of you, nowadays I am right here to express my views on the subject _________’ .
  3. Define the topic, supply its reasons, effects, the existing country and remedial measures.
  4. It have to be coherent piece honestly stating a specific point of view. Divide the speech into three to four paragraphs.
  5. Conclude by giving means of suggestion or proposal for improvement.
  6. Always make a rough draft first and revise.

It is a formal discussion on a particular matter in a public meeting or legislative assembly, in which opposing arguments are put forward and which usually ends with a vote.

Remember, a debate is also a speech, but with a different way of presenting content.

Points to remember while preparing for a debate:
  1.  Begin with ‘Honourable judges and my pricey friends, I stand before you to specific my views for/against the movement/subject matter’.
  2. Total settlement or confrontation with the topic have to be expressed forcefully and absolutely.
  3. Use argumentative style and logical reasoning.
  4. Support your arguments with relevant records.
  5. At the cease write, thanks, at extreme cease on the left.
  6. Always make a rough draft, edit and time yourself (20 mins)
    Use powerful expressions like :
    I’d like to argue
    In my opinion
    May I ask ? etc.
    Refer to your opponent’s view/views
  7. Stick to your view point either in favour or against.