Saturday, 3 October 2020

Biology - Scientific Names (#Class11Biology)(#NEET)(#Class12Biology)(#Class9Biology)

 Biology - Scientific Names 

Biology - Scientific Names (#Class11Biology)(#NEET)(#Class12Biology)(#Class9Biology)


1. Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus established binomial nomenclature. 

2. Caper Bauhin expressed proposed binomial nomenclature for the first time 

3. In binomial nomenclature, the first word is a generic name having first letter capital and second word is a  specific epithet having first letter. e.g.  Homo sapiens, Mangifera indica

4. After end of biological name, the name of author is written in abbreviated form who gave the name to that organism.

5. Both the words of a biological name when handwritten are separately underlined and when printed are typed in italics to indicate their Latin origin and also give respect to the name.

6. Scientific names should not be as small as three letters or as long as twelve letters.

7. Lamarck introduced Trinomial nomenclature which involves the use of three words for a name so that the names of subspecies (animals) or varieties (plants). For example Corvus splendens splendens - Indian crow


Following are the scientific names, commonly asked in examinations: 

1. Man - Homo sapiens

2. Lion - Pantheon leo

3. Tiger - Panthera tigris

4. Indian Bee - Apis indica

5. Paddock - Rana tigrina

6. Cat - Felis domestica

7. Dog - Canis families

8. Cow - Boss indicus

9. Buffalo - Bubalis bubalis

10. Bull - Boss primitive tars

11. Goat - Kepta hitamus

12. Sheep - Ovi's arise

13. Pig - Susphroca domestica

14. Cheetah - Panther pardus

15. Bear - Ursus matitimus carnivera

16. Rabbit - Orictolegus cuniculus

17. Deer - Cervus elaphus

18. Camel - Camelus domedarius

19. Vixen - Canidae

20. Langur - Hominodia

21. Fly - Masca domestica

22. Mango - Mangifera indica

23. Paddy - Oryza sativa

24. Wheat - Tricticum aestivium

25. Peas - Pisum sativium

26. Mustard - Brassica compastories

27. Peacock - Pavo christace

28. Elephant - Ephilas indica

29. Dolphin - Platenista ganketica

30. Lotus - Nelumbo nucifera Garten

31. Banyan - Ficus bandhalensis

32. Horse - Equus cabellas

33. Sugarcane - Sugarcane officium

34. Onion - Allium sepia

35. Cotton - Gasipeum

36. Peanut - Arachis

37. Coffee - Coffea arabica

38. Tea - Thia sinensis

39. Angur - Vitius

40. Turmeric - Curcuma longa

41. Maize - Zea mays

42. Tomato - Solanum lycopersicum

43. Coconut - Cocoa nucifera

44. Apple - Melas pumia / domestica

45. Pear - Pyrus couminis

46. ​​Saffron - Crocus sativius

47. Cashew - Anacardium aromaticum

48. Carrot - Dakas carota

49. Ginger - Zingiber officinale

50. Cauliflower - Brassica oleracea

51. Reindeer - Ruservus duvacelli



👉See also:


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