Wednesday, 22 September 2021

Class 10 - Social Science - MCQs - Term 1 -2021-22 (Solved)#eduvictors #class10SocialScience #cbseTerm1

Class 10 - Social Science - MCQs - Term 1 (Solved)



Time: 90 minutes                                                                                                                MM:40 marks

Q1. Who among the following was proclaimed as the first German Emperor in 1871 ? 

(a) William – I 

(b) William II

(c) Friedrich Wilhelm - I 

(d) Friedrich Wilhelm - IV


Q2. Which class played a central role in the unification of countries of Europe ?

(a) Aristocrats 

(b) Industrialists

(c) Peasants and workers 

(d) Educated middle class


Q3. What was the political system in France before 1789 ?

(a) An absolute monarchy 

(b) Democracy

(c) Constitutional monarchy 

(d) Dictatorship under Napoleon


Q4. Name the state which led the process of Italian Unification ? 

(a) Rome 

(b) Prussia

(c) Sardinia Piedmont 

(d) Vienna


Q5. Which of the following is a major social group in Sri Lanka ? 

(a) Sinhala Speakers 

(b) Sri Lankan Tamils

(c) Indian Tamils 

(D) Anglo-Indian


Q6. Identify t he appropriate moral reason for power sharing :

(a) Prevents violence 

(b) Prevents conflict between communities 

(c) Ensure political stability 

(d) It is the spirit of democracy


Q7. Which of the following options best signifies this cartoon ?

Class 10 - Social Science - MCQs - Term 1 -2021-22 (Solved)#eduvictors #class10SocialScience #cbseTerm1


(a) The states plead for more food.

(b) The states plead for more power

(c) The states plead for more finances

(d) The starts plead for more freedom



Q8. Marriane was a(n) ______ allegory : 

(a) French 

(b) German

(c) Italian 

(d) Swiss


Q9. Which of the following neighboring countries has better performance in terms of Human development than India ?

(a) Bangladesh 

(b) Sri Lanka 

(c) Nepal 

(d) Pakistan


Q10. Find the incorrect option :

(a) Quality of life depends on material things only.

(b) Quality of life depends on material and non-material things.

(c) Quality of life depends on seeking money and respect too.

(d) Quality of life depends on seeking money and freedom too.


Q11. What may be a development goal of a girl who belongs to a rich urban family ? 

(a) To get married 

(b) To get a service/job

(c) To get education in a foreign country/university and become highly qualified woman.

(d) To get a car


Q12. Production of commodity, mostly through the natural process, is an activity in ________ sector.

(a) Primary 

(b) Secondary

(c) Tertiary

(d) information technology


Q13. Unemployment occurs when people

(a) do not want to work

(b) are working in a lazy manner

(c) are working less than what they are capable of doing

(d) are not paid for their work


Q14. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option.

Assertion (A) : Interests groups play an important role in power-sharing.

Reason (R) L The interests groups are members of the government committees or they influence the government decisions.


(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(b) Both (A) and (R) is false.

(c) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(d) Booth (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).


Q15. Identify the appropriate reason for the outbreak of civil war in Sri Lanka :

(a) Policy of reservation 

(b) Policy of majoritarinism 

(c) Policy of absolution

(d) Policy of Isolation


Q16. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option.

Assertion (A) :India depends on importing oil from abroad.

Reason (R) :India does not have enough stocks of its own.


(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 

(b) Both (A) and (R) is false.

(c) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(d) Booth (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).


Q17. Study the picture and answer the question that follows :

Class 10 - Social Science - MCQs - Term 1 -2021-22 (Solved)#eduvictors #class10SocialScience #cbseTerm1


Which of the following aspect best signifies this image of ‘Germania’ ?

(a) Heroism and Justice

(b) Folk and Cultural Tradition 

(c) Austerity and Asceticism

(d) Revenge and Vengeance


 

Q18. “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold.” Who among the following said this popular line ?

(a) Guiseppe Mazzini 

(b) Matternich

(c) Otto Von Bismarck 

(d) Guiseppe Garibaldi


Q19. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option.


Assertion (A) :Indian agriculture is a source of earning foreign exchange. 

Reason (R) :Coffee and Spices are exported to various countries.


(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 

(b) (A) is true but (R) is false.

(c) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(d) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).


Q20. What are the months for the harvesting kharif crops ?

(a) October-December 

(b) September-October

(c) January-February

(d) April-May


Q21. Identify the appropriate reason for land-degradation in Punjab: 

(a) Mining 

(b) Over-grazing 

(c) Over-irrigation 

(d) Deforestation



Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows :

Resources are vital for human survival as well as for maintaining the quality of life. It was believed that resources are free gifts of nature. As a result, human beings used them indiscriminately and this has led to the following major problems:

• Depletion of resources for satisfying the greed of a few individuals.

• Accumulation of resources in few hands, which, in turn, divided the society into two segments i.e. haves and have nots or rich and poor.

• Indiscriminate exploitation of resources has led to global ecological crises such as, global warming, ozone layer depletion, environmental pollution and land degradation.



Q22. Why it is important to distribute the resource equitably ?

(a) Resources have been accumulated in the hand of the few

(b) Indiscriminate use of recourses are causing global ecological crisis

(c) A sustained quality of the life and global peace can be achieved only by equitable distribution.

(d) The future of the Earth is in danger.


Q23. Which of the following is/are the impact of idea that ‘resources are the free gift of nature ? 

(a) Sustainable use of resources

(b) Indiscriminate use of resource

(c) Increase in the quality of resource

(d) None of the above


Q24. Resources are vital because ___________

(a) They are needed for global peace

(b) They play a major role in survival of human lives 

(c) They prevent ecological crisis

(d) All of the above.


Q25. Which of the following best describes the pre-requisite for sustained existence of life? 

(a) Resources should be distributed equitably and used prudently

(b) Resources should not be allowed to accumulate in the hands of few

(c) Resources should not be considered as a gift of nature

(d) The present trend of resource use should be stopped


Q26. Read the text given below and answer the questions that follows :

Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, European governments were given by a spirit of conservation. Conservatives believed that established, traditional institutions of spirit of state and society – like the monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family – should be preserved. Most conservatives, however, did not propose a return to the society of pre-revolutionary days. Rather, they realized, from the changes initiated by Napoleon, that modernisation could in fact strengthen traditional institutions like the monarchy. It could make state power more effective and stronger. A modern army, an efficient bureaucracy, a dynamic economy, the abolition of feudalism and serfdom could strengthen the autocratic monarchies of Europe. In 1815, representatives of the European powers who had collectively defeated Napoleon, met at Vienna to draw up a settlement for Europe. The Congress was hosted by the Austrian Chancellor Duke Metternich. The delegates drew up the Treaty of Vienna of 1815 with the object of undoing most of the changes that had come about in Europe during the Napoleonic wars. The Bourbon dynasty, which had been deposed during the French Revolution, was restored to power, and France lost the territories it ad annexed under Napoleon. A series of states were set up on the boundaries of France to prevent French expansion in future.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option


Q26. Which of the following statements correctly describes about European conservative ideology ?

(a) Preservation of believes introduced by Napoleon.

(b) Preservation of two sects of Christianity

(c) Preservation of socialist ideology in economic sphere

(d) Preservation of traditionalist beliefs in state and society.


Q27. Identify the purpose to convene the Vienna of Congress in 1815 from the following options?

(a) To declare competition of German unification 

(b) To restore conservative regime in Europe

(c) To declare war against France

(d) To start the process of Italian Unification


Q28. What did conservatives focus on at the Congress of Vienna ? Select the appropriate option.

(a) To re-establish peace and stability in Europe 

(b) To establish socialism in Europe

(c) To introduce democracy in France

(d) To set up a new Parliament


Q29. How did the Congress of Vienna ensure peace in Europe ? Select the appropriate option.

(a) With the restoration of Bourbon Dynasty.

(b) Austria was not given the control of Northern Italy.

(c) Laying out a balance of power between all the great powers in Europe 

(d) By giving power to the German confederation.


Q30. Read the text given below and answer the following questions :

Why is the tertiary sector becoming so important in India ? There could be reasons. First, in any country several services such as hospitals, educational institutions , post and telegraph services, police stations, courts, village administrative offices, municipal corporations, defence, transport, banks, insurance companies, etc. are required. These can be considered as basic services. In a developing country the government has to take responsibility for the provision of these services. Second, the development of agriculture and industry leads to the development of services such as transport, trade, storage and the like, as we have already seen. Greater the development of the primary and secondary sectors, more would be the demand for such services. Third, as income levels rise, certain sections of people start demanding many more services like eating out, tourism, shopping, private hospitals, private schools, professional training etc. You can see this change quite sharply in cities, especially in big cities.


Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option


Q30. Which of the following is correct about tertiary sector ?

(a) Tertiary services are basic services

(b) The importance of tertiary sector is increasing

(c) Governmentwantstodeveloptertiarysector

(d) Changes in service sector are visible more in small cities


Q31. What is the responsibility of the government in a developing country ?

(a) To develop agriculture and industry

(b) To develop tertiary sector

(c) To provide minimum basic services

(d) To develop primary and secondary sector


Q32. Which of the following correctly describes the association of tertiary section with primary and secondary sector ?

(a) The growth in primary and secondary sector will reduce the growth of tertiary sector

(b) The growth in primary and secondary sector will have no impact on the growth of

tertiary sector

(c) The growth in primary and secondary sector will increase the growth of tertiary sector

(d) None of the above.


Q33. Which of the following is correct about the impact of rising income on demand of services?

(a) There is a decline in the demand of services 

(b) There is a rise in demand of all the services

(c) There is no impact on demand of services 

(d) There is a demand in rise of specific services


Q34. Read the text given below and answer the following questions :

Restructuring the Centre-state relations is one more way in which federalism has been strengthened in practice. How the constitutional arrangements for sharing power work in reality depends to a large extent on how the ruling parties and leaders follows these arrangements. For a long time, the same party ruled both at the Centre and in most of the States. This meant that the State governments did not exercise their rights as autonomous federal units. As and when the ruling party at the State level was different, the parties that ruled at the Centre tried to undermine the power of the States. In those days, the Central Government would often misuse the Constitution to dismiss the State governments that were controlled by rival parties. This undermined the spirit of federalism. All this changed significantly after 1990. This period saw the rise of regional political parties in many States of the country. This was also the beginning of the era of COALITION GOVERNMENTS at the Centre. Since no single party got a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, the major national parties had to enter into an alliance with many parties including several regional parties to form a government at the Centre. This led to a new culture of power sharing and respect for the autonomy of State Governments. This trend was supported by a major judgement of the Supreme Court that made it difficult for the Central Government to dismiss state governments in an arbitrary manner. Thus, federal power sharing is more effective today than it was in the early y ears after the Constitution came into force.


Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option


Q34. What decided the strengthening of federalism in practice ?

(a) Constitutional arrangements related to power sharing

(b) The way ruling party and the leaders follow the constitutional arrangements related to power sharing

(c) The way centre-state relations have been restructured

(d) None of the above.


Q35. Which of the following is true in context of the federal arrangements in India ?

(a) Federal arrangements are strengthened because of one party government

(b) Federal arrangements are strengthened because of the different parties in the states 

(c) Federal arrangements are weakened due to different parties in the states

(d) Federal arrangements are weakened due to same party in the Centre and States


Q36. Which of the following is a reason for significant change in federalism after 1990 ?

(a) Rule by different parties and beginning of coalition era 

(b) Rise of regional parties and beginning of coalition era 

(c) Rule by same political parties in Centre and the States 

(d) Strong Centre backed by the constitutional provisions


Q37. What led to the new culture of power sharing and respect for the autonomy of the states ?

(a) The beginning of era of coalition

(b) Lack of majority of any national party in the Lok Sabha election 

(c) Judgment by the Supreme Court

(d) Enactment of new constitutional provisions related to federalism


Q38. Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area ?

(a) Shifting agriculture 

(b) Plantation agriculture 

(c) Horticulture 

(d) Sericulture


Q39. Why are only final goods and services counted an not intermediate goods?

(a) Value of final goods already includes the value of all intermediate goods

(b) Final goods have higher value

(c) There is no such intermediate goods

(d) The value of intermediate goods already includes the value of final goods



Q40. A type of millet rich in iron, calcium, other micro nutrients and roughage is (a) Bajra 

(b) Rajma 

(c) Jowar 

(d) Ragi


Q41: Development of a country can generally be determined by :

(a) Its per capital income 

(b) its average literacy level 

(c) health status of its people 

(d) all the above


Q42: Identify the appropriate reason for separation of organs of government : 

(a) It creates balance of power.

(b) It prevents concentration of power in few hands.

(c) It creates the system of checks and balances.

(d) It prevents the rule of majority.


43: Which of the followings aspects signifies the image ?

Class 10 - Social Science - MCQs - Term 1 -2021-22 (Solved)#eduvictors #class10SocialScience #cbseTerm1


(a) Defeat and Humiliation 

(b) The sleeping beauty 

(c) The fallen Germania 

(d) Threatened and defied


Q44: In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practiced ?

(a) Punjab 

(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh 

(c) Haryana 

(d) Uttrakhand



👉Answers:
1: (a) William – I 
2: (d) Educated middle class
3: (a) An absolute monarchy
4: (c) Sardinia Piedmont
5: (a) Sinhala Speakers
6: (d) It is the spirit of democracy
7: (b) The states plead for more power
8: (a) French
9: (b) Sri Lanka
10: (a) Quality of life depends on material things only.
11: (c) To get education in a foreign country/university and become highly qualified woman.
12: (a) Primary
13: (d) are not paid for their work
14: ?
15: (b) Policy of majoritarinism
16: ?
17: (a) Heroism and Justice
18: (b) Matternich
19: (d) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
20: (b) September-October
21: (c) Over-irrigation
22: (c) A sustained quality of the life and global peace can be achieved only by equitable distribution.
23: (b) Indiscriminate use of resource
24: (d) All of the above.
25: (a) Resources should be distributed equitably and used prudently
26: (d) Preservation of traditionalist beliefs in state and society.
27: (b) To restore conservative regime in Europe
28: (a) To re-establish peace and stability in Europe
29: (a) With the restoration of Bourbon Dynasty.
30: (b) The importance of tertiary sector is increasing
31: (c) To provide minimum basic services
32: (c) The growth in primary and secondary sector will increase the growth of tertiary sector
33: (d) There is a demand in rise of specific services
34: (a) Constitutional arrangements related to power sharing
35: (b) Federal arrangements are strengthened because of the different parties in the states
36: (b) Rise of regional parties and beginning of coalition era
37: (a) The beginning of era of coalition
38: (b) Plantation agriculture
39: (a) Value of final goods already includes the value of all intermediate goods
40: (d) Ragi
41: (d) all the above
42: (c) It creates the system of checks and balances.
43: (c) The fallen Germania
44: (d) Uttrakhand

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