Thursday, 17 May 2012

Class 9 - Economics - CH1 - The Story of Village Palampur

MCQs, NCERT Solution and Questions with answers asked in Examination papers

Concept Map

Q1: Which one of the following inputs is not a working capital?
(a) Machines
(b) Raw-materials
(c) Money
(d) None of these

Answer: (a) Machines

Q2: Which one of the following states was among the first to try out modern farming methods in India?
(a) Jharkhand
(b) Haryana
(c) Bihar
(d) Orissa

Answer: (b) Haryana

Q3: Which of the following is a fixed capital?
(a) Clay
(b) Yarn
(c) Tools
(d) Seeds

Answer: (c) Tools

Q4: Which of the following is an example of working capital?
(a) Tools
(b) Machines
(c) Raw Materials
(d) Buildings

Answer:  (c) Raw Materials

Q5: Which is the most abundant factor of production in India?
(a) Land
(b) Capital
(c) Labour
(d) Tools

Answer: (c) Labour

Q6: Multiple Cropping refers to:
(a) Cultivation of wheat and rice
(b) Cultivation of two crops in alternative rows.
(c) Cultivating more than one crop on the same field each year.
(d) Cultivating crops and rearing animals on the same farm.

Answer: (c) Cultivating more than one crop on the same field each year.

Q7: High yielding variety seeds (HYV) were introduced to Indian farmers as a result of
(a) White Revolution
(b) Green Revolution
(c) Orange Revolution
(d) Red Revolution

Answer: (b) Green Revolution

Q8: Jowar and Bajra are:
(a) Kharif crops
(b) Rabi crops
(c) Zaid crops
(d) All of these

Answer: (a) Kharif crops

Q9: Why do the farmers of Palampur follow multiple cropping? Choose the correct answer.
(a) Because the water consumption is less in this method
(b) Because this method consumes less chemical fertilisers
(c) Because this method doesn't require fertile soils
(d) Because this method is the most common way of increasing production

Answer: (d) Because this method is the most common way of increasing production

Q10: Which one among the following is a non-farm activity?
(a) Multiple cropping
(b) Crop rotation
(c) Dairy farming
(d) Modern farming

Answer: (c) Dairy farming

Q11(NCERT): Every village in India is surveyed once is ten years during the Census and some of details are presented in the following format. Fill up the following based on information on Palampur.

a. LOCATION: near to Raiganj Village and Shapur town.
b. TOTAL AREA OF THE VILLAGE: 226 hectares
c. LAND USE (in hectares): 226 hectares

Cultivated Land                      Land not available for cultivation
(Area covering dwellings, roads, ponds, grazing ground)
Irrigated Unirrigated
 200 Hectares  0 Hectares  26 Hectares

EducationalOne High School and Two Primary Schools
MedicalOne Government run Primary Health Center
One Private Dispensary
MarketA small market
Electricity SupplyMost of the houses have electric connections.
CommunicationPost, Television, Telephone and Transport facilities
Nearest TownShapur

Q12: What is the main production activity in villages across India?
Answer: Farming

Q13: Name any two non-farming activities in Palampur village.
Answer: Small-scale manufacturing, dairy, transport etc.

Q14: Modern farming methods require more inputs which are manufactured in industry. Do you agree?

Answer: No doubt, modern farming requires more inputs than traditional farming. These are:
  • chemical fertilizers,
  • pesticides,
  • pump sets,
  • farm machinery,
  • electricity,
  • diesel,
  • HYV seeds,
  • water supply
Most of these inputs like fertilizers, tools and implements are manufactured in industry. HYV seeds are developed in agriculture research laboratories. Machine industry provide various kinds of implements, irrigation pumps and farming machinery to improve the productivity and minimize farming efforts. Chemical and soil engineering based industry provide fertilizers and pesticides to boost agriculture. Water supply is done by canals and tanks. Electricity is supplied by power houses.

Q15: What is the aim of production?
Answer: The aim of production is to produce the goods and services that we want.

Q16: Name the four factors that are needed for producing goods and services. (1 mark)
  • Land
  • Labour
  • Capital
  • Knowledge and Enterprise
Q17: Who owns the majority of land in Palampur village?
Answer: 80 upper caste families own the majority of land in Palampur village.

Q18: What health facilities are available in Palampur village?
Answer: Palampur has a primary health centre run by the government. It also has one private dispensary.

Q19: What is the main aim of production?
Answer: The main aim of production is to produce goods and services required by the people.

Q20: Which if the following is the standard unit of measuring land?
(a) bigha
(b) guintha
(c) hectare
(d) quila

Answer:  (c) hectare

Q21: How did the spread of electricity help farmers in Palampur?

Answer: The spread of electricity has helped the farmers of Palampur village in the following manner:
  1. Electricity came early to Palampur. Its major impact was to transform the system of irrigation.Larger area can be irrigated with the help of tube wells.
  2. Most of the houses have electrical connections.
  3. Electricity is also in small business units.

Q22: Is it important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?

Answer: Yes it is very important to increase the are under irrigation in order to meet the demand of growing population of our country.
  • Of the total cultivated area in the country a little less than 40 per cent is irrigated even today. 
  • In the remaining areas, farming is largely dependent on rainfall. 
  • Modern farming methods though effective have their own limitations and require adequate water supply. 
Thus in order to be self sufficient in food, it is necessary to increase the area of irrigation.

Q23: What are the essential four requirements for production?  (3-5 marks)
Q(CBSE): Explain the four requirements of the production of goods & services.

Answer: Four essential requirements for production of goods and services are:
  1. Land and other natural resources i.e. water, forests, minerals etc.
  2. Labour,: People who do the work. A worker provides the labour necessary for production.
  3. Physical Capital: variety of inputs required at different stages of production.
  4. Knowledge and Enterprise: Knowledge and enterprise to be able to put together land, labour and physical capital and produce an output.
Q24: Who are small farmers?

Answer: Farmers who own less than 2 hectares of land are regarded as small farmers.

Q25: Who are medium farmers?

Answer: Farmers who own more than 2 hectares but less than 10 hectares of land.

Q26: Who are large farmers?

Answer: Farmers who own more than 10 hectares of land.

Q27: What do medium and large farmers do with their earnings from the surplus farm produce?

Answer: Medium and large farmers sell the surplus produce to market and have good earnings.  A part of the earnings from surplus farm produce is saved and kept for buying capital for the next season. They use their earning to buy tractor or set up shops.  A part of the earning is used in lending to small farmers who need loan.

Q28: What do you mean by multiple cropping?

Answer: Growing more than one crop on a piece of land during the year is known as multiple cropping. It is the most common and traditional practice to increase production on a given piece of land. All farmers in Palampur grow at least two main crops, Jowar & Bajra and Wheat. Many others have grown potato as the third crop for the past twenty years.

Q29: Name the states who benefited the most from Green Revolution.

Answer: Haryana, Punjab, Western Uttar Pradesh.

Q30: List the non-farming activities in Palampur.

  • Dairy
  • Small scale manufacturing
  • Shop-keeping
  • Transport

Q31: Who are small farmers?

Answer: Farmers who own less than 2 hectares of land are categorized as small farmers.

Q32: Who are medium farmers?

Answer: Farmers owning more than 2 hectares but less than 10 hectares.

Q33: Who are large farmers?

Answer: Farmers owning more than 10 hectares of land.

Q34: Why do the farm labourers earn less than the minimum wages in Palampur?

Answer: The minimum wages for a farm labourer set by the government is Rs 60 per day. But the farm labourers earn less than this amount because there is heavy competition for work among the
farm labourers in Palampur. So, people agree to work for lower wages.