## Playing With Numbers

EXERCISE 3.4
CBSE Class 6 Maths

Q1: Find the common factors of :
(a) 20 and 28
(b) 15 and 25
(c) 35 and 50
(d) 56 and 120

(a) Factors of 20 = 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20
Factors of 28 = 1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 28
Common factors = 1, 2, 4

(b) Factors of 15 = 1, 3, 5, 15
Factors of 25 = 1, 5, 25
Common factors = 1, 5

(c) Factors of 35 = 1, 5, 7, 35
Factors of 50 = 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50
Common factors = 1, 5

(d) Factors of 56 = 1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 14, 28, 56
Factors of 120 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, 30, 60, 120
Common factors = 1, 2, 4, 8

Q2: Find the common factors of :
(a) 4, 8 and 12
(b) 5, 15 and 25

(a) Factors of 4 = 1, 2, 4
Factors of 8 = 1, 2, 4, 8
Factors of 12 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12
Common factors of 4, 8 and 12 = 1, 2, 4

(b) Factors of 5 = 1, 5
Factors of 15 = 1, 3, 5, 15
Factors of 25 = 1, 5, 25
Common factors of 5, 15 and 25 = 1, 5

Q3: Find first three common multiples of :
(a) 6 and 8
(b) 12 and 18

(a) Multiple of 6 = 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 28, 54, 60, 72, ...
Multiple of 8 = 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56, 64, 72, ...
Common multiples of 6 and 8 = 24, 48, 72

(b) Multiple of 12 = 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, ...
Multiple of 18 = 18, 36, 54, 72, 90, 108, ...
Common multiples of 12 and 18 = 36, 72, 108

Q4: Write all the numbers less than 100 which are common multiples of 3 and 4.

Answer: Multiple of 3 = 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, 48, 51, 54, 57, 60,
63, 66, 69, 72, 75, 78, 81, 84, 87, 90, 93, 96, 99

Multiple of 4 = 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, 64, 68, 72, 76, 80,
84, 88, 92, 96, 100

Common multiples of 3 and 4 = 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96

Q5: Which of the following numbers are co-prime?
(a) 18 and 35
(b) 15 and 37
(c) 30 and 415
(d) 17 and 68
(e) 216 and 215
(f) 81 and 16

(a) Factors of 18 = 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18
Factors of 35 = 1, 5, 7, 35
Common factor = 1
Since, both have only one common factor, i.e., 1, ∴ they are co-prime numbers.

(b) Factors of 15 = 1, 3, 5, 15
Factors of 37 = 1, 37
Common factor = 1
Since, both have only one common factor, i.e., 1, ∴ they are co-prime numbers.

(c) Factors of 30 = 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 15, 30
Factors of 415 = 1, 5, ........, 83, 415
Common factor = 1, 5
Since, both have more than one common factor, ∴ they are not co-prime numbers.

(d) Factors of 17 = 1, 17
Factors of 68 = 1, 2, 4, 17, 34, 86
Common factor = 1, 17
Since, both have more than one common factor, ∴ they are not co-prime numbers.

(e) Factors of 216 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 36, 72, 108, 216
Factors of 215 = 1, 5, 43, 215
Common factor = 1
Since, both have only one common factor, i.e., 1, ∴ they are co-prime numbers.

(f) Factors of 81 = 1, 3, 9, 27, 81
Factors of 16 = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16
Common factor = 1
Since, both have only one common factor, i.e., 1, ∴ they are co-prime numbers.

Q6: A number is divisible by both 5 and 12. By which other number will that number be always divisible?

Answer: 5 × 12 = 60. The number will be divisible by 60.

Q7: A number is divisible by 12. By what other numbers will that number be divisible?

Answer: Factors of 12 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12.
∴ The number is also divisible by 1, 2, 3 4 and 6.