Tuesday, 12 December 2017

CBSE class 10/9/8/7 - Social Science - Civics- Types of Government (#eduvictors)(#cbseNotes)

Know Different Types of Governments

CBSE class 10/9/8/7 - Social Science - Civics- Types of Government (#eduvictors)(#cbseNotes)

Republic: 
A government whose authority is based on citizen’s votes ,which are represented by elected or nominated officials chosen in free election.

Democracy: 
Democracy means ‘rule of people’. The term today refers to political system in which the people or their elected representatives govern themselves.

Communism: 
As a system of government, commission is a system of government in which the states owns and operates industry on behalves of the people.



Theocracy: 
A government were priests rule in the name of God or by officials who are reguarded as divinely guided, or consistent with the principles of a particular religion.


Autocracy: 
A government control by absolute power , and in the hands of the single person with minimal restrains on the decisions and lack of any , mechanisms of popular control.


Fascism: 
It a way of ruling that advocates total control of the people seeks to promote the ancestral and cultural values and eradicates foreign influences.


Anarchy: 
Anarchy is the state of absence of law, a state of lawlessness and disorder.


Federation:
A political organization characterized by union of small states, groups or parties, which are self – governed in internal affairs and are united a central government.


Monarchy: 
A government where supreme authority is vested in a single and usually hereditary figure ,such as a king, and whose powers can vary from absolute to non at all.


Oligarchy: 
Rule of the few. It is the form of power structure in which power effectively  rest with a faction of persons or families.


Plutocracy: 
Government rule by the rich or power provided by wealth, often used to describe the wealthy class ruling the government , often from behind the scenes.


Tyranny: 
Government or authority of an absolute ruler; arbitrary exercise of power over subjects not requisite for the purposes of government /approved by law and justice.


Totalitarian: 
A totalitarian system is the one in which a single political authority regulates total control over the state, that is centralized  and dictatorial.  


Junta: 
It refers to a group or coalition that takes control of the state after overthrowing a government. Usually this is done by a military groups.


Dictatorship: 
A form of government where the power rests entirely on one person or a group of persons. This rule could be acquired by inheritance or force and is usually oppressive.


Technology:
A government where science + anarchy are in control of the state and where rulers are selected on the basis of their knowledge / skills rather than wealth/ power.