Wednesday 10 April 2019

CBSE Class 9 - Chapter 1 - DEMOCRACY IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD - Important Study Points (#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)


Important Study Points 

CBSE Class 9 - Chapter 1 - DEMOCRACY IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD - Important Study Points (#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)

1. The March of Democracy has met with setbacks and successes at some point of history.

2. In 1900 there have been only few democratic states. After the Second World War, in 1950, more
countries were formed. The newly independent countries of Asia chose democracy. In 1975 colonies in Africa had become unbiased and maximum of them chose democracy as a shape of government. A large bounce turned into taken in 1991. The fall of the Soviet Union created 15 new states and greater democracies.

3. Two Tales of Democracy
Many nations struggled for democracy, suffered setbacks. In Chile, the democratic authorities of Allende was overthrown in 1973, and Pinochet have become the military ruler. Democracy turned into restored once more in Chile in 1988. 

In Poland, a non-democratic united states of america, a one-celebration rule was replaced by way of democracy underneath Lech Walesa.

4. Two Features of Democracy:

  • Democracy, hence, is a form of government that allows people to choose their own leaders.
  • People have the freedom to express their views, freedom to organise and freedom to protest against injustice.

5. Phases in the Expansion of Democracy
By 2005, one hundred forty international locations have held multi-birthday party elections. More than 80 nations have made advances toward democracy considering 1980.

Stills there are many nations wherein people can not decide on their leaders. In Myanmar the elected chief Aung San Suu Kyi has been imprisoned with the aid of the navy rulers (1990). No amount of international help has helped in her release.

6. Democracy at Global Level

  • Is it possible to have democracy at global level? Not at present.
  • The UN, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank are global associations of the world. They attempt to maintain peace and security among the countries of the world. They give loans and money to governments.
  • They are not fully democratic. Five countries — US, UK, France, China and Russia — have the veto power in the Security Council. The World Bank has a US President always and the International Monetary Fund is in the hands of seven powerful nations.
7. Promotion of Democracy

  • Many powerful countries just like the United States of America trust that democracy ought to be promoted in the global — even by means of force.
  • Powerful international locations have launched assaults on non-democratic countries.
  • Iraq is the largest example. USA and its allies attacked and occupied Iraq with out UN sanction, on the pretext of Iraq owning nuclear weapons. They have even held pressured elections.
  • The urge for democracy ought to come from the human beings and should no longer be imposed.

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