Thursday 11 February 2021

Social Science Class 10 Important Questions History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India (#Class10SocialScience)(#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)

Social Science Class 10 Important Questions History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India

Social Science Class 10 Important Questions History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India (#Class10SocialScience)(#cbsenotes)(#eduvictors)

Very Short Answer Questions (VSA) 1 Mark

Question 1.

What was the Rowlatt Act? (2011 OD)


Rowlatt Act gave the government enormous powers to suppress political activities and allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years. In other words, the Act proposed no appeal, "No vakil and No daleel".

Question 2.

Why was the Rowlatt Act imposed? (2011 D)


The imposing of the Rowlatt Act authorized the government to imprison any person without trial and conviction in a court of law.

Question 3.

In which session of the Indian National Congress was the demand for ‘Puma Swaraj’ formalized? (2012 D)


Lahore Session, December 1929.

Question 4.

Who composed ‘Vande Mataram’? (2012 D)


Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay

Question 5.

Who created the first image of Bharat Mata? (2012 D)


Abanindranath Tagore

Question 6.

Why was the Khilafat movement started? (2012 OD)


Khilafat movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi and the Ali Brothers, Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali in response to the harsh treatment given to the Caliph of Ottoman empire and the dismemberment of the Ottoman empire by the British.

Question 7.

What combination of colours was there in the ‘Swaraj flag’ designed by Gandhiji in 1921? (2012 OD)


Red, Green and White.

Question 8.

What was the main reason to withdraw the Non-cooperation Movement? (2013 OD)


Mahatma Gandhi called off the Non-cooperation Movement as the movement had turned violent in many places. The Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 turned into a violent dash and 22 policemen were killed. Gandhiji felt satyagrahis were not ready for mass struggles.

Question 9.

Which Act did not permit plantation workers to leave the tea garden without permission?


Inland Emigration Act of 1859.

Question 10.

Name two main ‘Satyagraha’ movements organized by Mahatma Gandhi successfully in favour of peasants in 1916 and 1917. (2013 D)

Answer: Indigo Planters Movement in Champaran, Bihar in 1916.

Peasants Satyagraha Movement was organized in Kheda district in Gujarat in 1917 to support peasants in the demand for relaxation of revenue collection.

Question 11.

Who is the author of the famous book ‘Hind Swaraj’? (2014 D)

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi.

Question 12.

In which novel was the hymn ‘Vande Mataram’ included and who was the novel written by? (2014 OD)



Author — Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.


Question 13.

In which year and place did Mahatma Gandhi organise Satyagraha for the first time in India? (2014 D)

Answer: In 1916, in Champaran, Bihar.

Short Answer Questions (SA) 3 Marks

Question 14.

Explain the idea of Satyagraha according to Gandhiji. (2014 D)


Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1915 from South Africa. Gandhiji’s novel method of mass agitation is know as ‘Satyagraha’. Satyagraha emphasised truth. Gandhiji believed that if the cause is true, if the struggle is against injustice, then physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor. A satyagrahi can win the battle through non-violence. People, including oppressors, had to be persuaded to see the truth. Truth was bound to ultimately triumph. Gandhiji believed that dharma of non-violence could unite all India.

Question 15.

Explain the effects of ‘worldwide economic depression’ on India, towards late 1920s. (2013 OD)


In 19th century, colonial India had become an exporter of agricultural goods and an importer of manufactures.

The worldwide economic depression immediately affected Indian trade. India’s exports and imports nearly halved between 1928 and 1934. As international prices crashed, prices in India also plunged. Peasants producing for the world market were worst hit. Though agricultural prices fell, the colonial government refused to reduce revenue demands. Peasants indebtedness increased. For example, Jute producers of Bengal.

In these depression years, India became an exporter of precious metals, notably gold

👉See Also:

History - CH3 - Nationalism in India
History - CH3 - Nationalism In India (VSQA)
History - CH3 - Nationalism in India (MCQs)
History - CH3 - Nationalism in India (Question Bank)
History - CH3 - Nationalism in India (MCQs-2)

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